Goats need a clean, dry shelter that is well ventilated. They do not do well in air-tight buildings. Goats do however need protection from the elements which includes adequate summer shade and shelter from rain and snow. Remember, goats do not like to be wet so be sure to provide adequate covered area so that they may eat and lounge protected from the elements. Here in West Virginia, ours do well in a three-sided shed open to the south that is sheltered from the winter winds. The best arrangement is free access to the outdoors where they at least have a play yard with safe toys such as platforms, wire spools etc. to climb on. Just make sure climbable toys are not too close to the fence however!
Our goats love to sleep on an elevated platform on all but the coldest nights but they will also nestle down in deep hay bedding to stay warm when temperatures get much below freezing. The main thing is to maintain their housing so that it is clean and free of ammonia build up. In summer, I use minimal bedding and prefer to sweep goat “berries” at least daily. In the winter I tend to let bedding build up to form an insulating layer on the floor and just tidy up a bit. Wet spots are always covered with additional bedding however. I use barn lime under the bedding to help neutralize ammonia.
There are many different methods of barn management so the trick is to find what works for you. As long as the goats have access to a year-round clean, dry, draft-free shelter that is predator proof, they will be happy!
Nigerian kids are small and can easily slip through most woven field fencing or cattle panels until they are several months old. We use either graduated woven field fence or panels with 2-foot chicken wire around the bottom openings to